Medic-Ray is driven by the idea that when the best research, the best education and the best patient care converge, great breakthroughs are achieved.

Medic Ray

Quality, caring, innovation and community: This is the heart and science of medicine.

Medic Ray

Providing health care services in supportive environment and dedicating our experience and resources to maintain quality of care emphasize patient satisfaction.

Taking Steps to Better Heart Health.

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defining our path to continued growth and enhanced connectivity with the people we serve, embracing the spirit of change prevalent in society, technology and health care.

Monday, May 1, 2017

Infant vaccinations , Antibiotics , The artificial heart & Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Infant vaccinations: Today, over 80 percent of children age three or younger receive vaccinations. As a result, some of the deadly diseases, like smallpox and polio, are completely controlled in developed countries, while worldwide programs try to spread this success into the underdeveloped countries. Furthermore, new vaccines are available (like for chicken pox) that weren’t available 30 years ago. People born in 1955 were the first to receive vaccinations in infancy, starting with polio.
That factor alone significantly increased that generation’s lifespan. In the years to follow, more childhood vaccines were added, such as measles in 1963, mumps in 1967, and rubella in 1969.

Antibiotics: People have been receiving antibiotics since the 1940s for bacterial infections, such as syphilis, tuberculosis, malaria, and pneumonia. Penicillin was discovered in 1928 and first used medically in 1940.
After the discovery of penicillin, the rate of development of newer antibiotics was paralleled by fear of emerging resistant bacteria. In the 1950s, new resistant bacteria emphasized the need to limit use of antibiotics to keep new resistant bacteria for emerging. Today, the improper use of antibiotics is widespread, leaving researchers nervous about the inevitable development of newer resistant bugs. Follow your doctor’s recommendation about taking antibiotics seriously to help avoid further resistant strains from improper antibiotic use.

Medical technology: Medical technology drives the improvements in modern medicine. To make better medications, vaccines, and diagnostic tests, there needs to be advances in equipment to identify and create them. Diagnosing disease in its early stages, which improves outcome, comes from better diagnostic imaging. Patients with disease that has advanced to a point where organs are failing are given hope from technology advancements in prosthetics, organ transplantation, and tissue repair. Here are a few of the major breakthroughs:

• The artificial heart can be used to keep heart failure patients alive until they can receive a donor heart.
Computer-aided tomography (CAT) scan produces three-dimen-sional images of the body that can show doctors whether a tumor is present and how deep it is in the body, to guide diagnosis and treatments.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is when magnetic fields and radio waves cause atoms to give off tiny radio signals, making it possible to detect cancer and other ailments early.

Despite these amazing advances, some diseases are still constant — cardiovascular disease (CVD) is still the leading cause of death in the world, and although cancer, respiratory illness, and diabetes all trail behind, they’re still major health threats (see Chapter 2 for more info on cancer and CVD). 

The Fountain of Youth, at Your Finger Tips

Viral and bacterial infections with no medical treatments or vaccines: Viruses and bacteria infections caused death in high numbers of both adults and children. Worldwide there have been many pandemics (affecting a large group, even the world) from the Spanish Flu in 1918 to the Asian Flu in 1957 that killed more than 50 million people. Polio, smallpox, diphtheria, and measles killed many adults and children before the advent of vaccines and still do in third world countries.
Hazardous work environments and hard physical labor: Starting as young as age 13, exposed to dangerous fumes and bacteria, and with minimal protective equipment, people worked 10- to 12-hour shifts. The number of work-related deaths peaked around 1900 and then started to improve with the formation of unions and other safety requirements.
Lack of certain nutrients: People from soldiers to sailors as well as malnutrition in the poverty stricken suffered from lack of nutrients.
These deficiencies included
Pellagra: A deficiency of niacin (b3) that may include symptoms of dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, and death.
Goiter: Goiter is caused by a lack of iodine in a child’s diet that can lead to hyperthyroidism (elevated thyroid hormone). Complications include heart problems, impaired mental function, and birth defects.
Scurvy: Lack of vitamin C led to scurvy, a condition where the body can’t properly absorb iron, causing anemia.
Rickets: This affliction was due to a lack of vitamin D, which is necessary for bone mineralization. Children with rickets had bones that didn’t fully develop and were deformed, often with the classic bowing of the legs. Kids were also more susceptible to whooping cough and measles.
. . . This is now

There has been a change in the major health concerns today versus 100 years ago, but globally, some similarities still exist. Worldwide, infectious disease is still a major cause of death, and the threat of newer strains of viruses and bacteria are always present. In addition, the mutation of “superbugs” that are immune to many antibiotics has been created by overuse of antibiotics.

Major medical discoveries and inventions have improved the outcomes of many conditions by earlier diagnosis and better medications and treatments, but lifestyle changes have resulted in the current prevalence of chronic and often preventable diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, respiratory illness, diabetes, and stroke, which have the highest mortality rates today (see Chapter 2 for more info). 

So You Want to Look and Feel Young Forever

Life Expectancy in the 21st Century
The last 100 years have seen a tremendous change in the way people live and the ailments they fall prey to. The epidemics of yesterday have been wiped out in industrialized countries, and life expectancy has increased. But even though folks are living longer today, this life expectancy brings a whole new set of problems and solutions.
Today, many folks take for granted that they’ll live into adulthood, while in the past, people were well aware of the unpredictable threats on their lives.
Some of the most damaging health threats in the world today can be modified by lifestyle choices. Making healthy choices is the basis of healthy aging and the recurrent theme of this book.
To examine why people live longer lives today, you must first look at why people didn’t live as long more than a century ago. This section focuses on the differences.
That was then . . .
Malnutrition, acute illnesses, infant mortality, and war were major contributors to shorter life expectancy 100 years ago. In the period of 1918 to 1919, the influenza virus (the flu) infected more than 400 million people worldwide and killed nearly 40 million. Today people still die from the flu, but not nearly at the mortality rates common in the past.
Poor living conditions and poor sanitation were also major causes of death.
Each incident people experienced had a negative cumulative effect on their health. Even diseases that didn’t result in death left people more likely to develop chronic illnesses when they grew older and lead to poor life expectancy.
The statistical probability of a person 100 years ago going through life unscathed was extremely low. Here are a few of the problems that caused widespread disease and mortality then:
Crowded and unsanitary living conditions: These scenarios resulted in multiple outbreaks of malaria, cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever, yellow fever, and flu. Survivors often faced lifelong health consequences.

War: War caused death directly and also exposed soldiers to foreign disease. During the American Civil War between 1861 and 1865 there were twice as many deaths from disease associated with the poor health than from battle wounds. More than 200 million people died in the beginning of the 20th century from a combination of combat and disease. 

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