Monday, April 24, 2017

Newborn Babies : Checking for signs of dehydration

Checking for signs of dehydration
Dehydration is a lack of fluid in the body. Vomiting and diarrhoea can both
cause dehydration and be warning symptoms that your child is in danger of
lacking fluids.

Reassuringly, most children with diarrhoea and vomiting will not be dehydrated.
However, do check for the following physical signs, which suggest that
your young child may be suffering from dehydration and lacks fluids:

. Your child has a dry mouth. (Normally, every child has a small pool of
saliva just behind the lower lip, which dries up if your child becomes
dehydrated).
. Your childfs soft spot (known as the fontanelle . an area on the top of
your infantfs head where the bones of the skull have not completely
joined) or eyes appear sunken.
. Your child cries without tears.
. Your child appears generally unwell, lethargic or irritable.
. Your child hasnft passed urine in the past three to four hours (which
you may notice because the nappies stay dry).
. Your childfs skin has lost some of its elasticity.

You can treat mild dehydration by giving your child more to drink, but not
giving too little or too much fluid is vital. If youfre concerned that your child
is dehydrated, seek advice from your health visitor or GP, or flip to Chapter
25 for a list of useful helplines and websites.

Small children with more severe dehydration are at risk of becoming seriously
ill. Check out the later section on eAssessing Your Unhappy or Sick Young
Childf later in this chapter for information.

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